Common Core Standards for ELA/Literacy

  • Common Core Learning Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy


    Reading Standards for Informational Text


    Key Ideas and Details

    1. Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.

    2. Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.

    3. Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.


    Craft and Structure

    4. Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade, topic or subject area.

    5. Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.

    6. Distinguish their own point of view from that of the author of a text.


    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

    7. Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why, and how key events occur).

    8. Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence).

    9. Compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic.


    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

    10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 2–3 text complexity band independently and proficiently.


    Writing Standards


    Text Types and Purposes

    1. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons.

    a. Introduce the topic or text they are writing about, state an opinion, and create an organizational

    structure that lists reasons.

    b. Provide reasons that support the opinion.

    c. Use linking words and phrases (e.g., because, therefore, since, for example) to connect opinion and reasons.

    d. Provide a concluding statement or section.

    2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

    a. Introduce a topic and group related information together; include illustrations when useful to aiding comprehension.

    b. Develop the topic with facts, definitions, and details.

    c. Use linking words and phrases (e.g., also, another, and, more, but) to connect ideas within categories of information.

    d. Provide a concluding statement or section.

    3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

    a. Establish a situation and introduce a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that

    unfolds naturally.

    b. Use dialogue and descriptions of actions, thoughts, and feelings to develop experiences and events or show the response of characters to situations.

    c. Use temporal words and phrases to signal event order.

    d. Provide a sense of closure.

    Production and Distribution of Writing

    4. With guidance and support from adults, produce writing in which the development and organization are

    appropriate to task and purpose.

    5. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.

    6. With guidance and support from adults, use technology to produce and publish writing (using keyboarding skills) as well as to interact and collaborate with others.


    Research to Build and Present Knowledge

    7. Conduct short research projects that build knowledge about a topic.

    8. Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories.


    Range of Writing

    9. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time

    frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.


    Speaking and Listening Standards


    Comprehension and Collaboration

    1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with

    diverse partners on grade 3 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.

    a. Come to discussions prepared having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that

    preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.

    b. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to

    others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion)

    c. Ask questions to check understanding of information presented, stay on topic, and link their

    comments to the remarks of others.

    d. Explain their ideas and understanding in light of the discussion.

    e. Seek to understand and communicate with individuals from different cultural backgrounds.

    2. Determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

    3. Ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and



    Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

    4. Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant,

    descriptive details, speaking clearly at an understandable pace.

    5. Create engaging audio recordings of stories or poems that demonstrate fluid reading at an

    understandable pace; add visual displays when appropriate to emphasize or enhance certain facts or


    6. Speak in complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail

    or clarification.