Common Core Standards for ELA/Literacy

  • Common Core Learning Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy


    Reading Standards for Informational Text


    Key Ideas and Details

    1. Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

    2. Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

    3. Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in

    technical procedures in a text.


    Craft and Structure

    4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.

    5. Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.

    6. Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.


    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

    7. Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.

    8. Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.

    9. Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.


    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

    10. By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.


    Writing Standards


    Text Types and Purposes

    1. Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section.

    2. Write informative/explanatory texts in which they introduce a topic, use facts, and definitions to develop points, and provide a concluding statement or section.

    3. Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events; include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings; use temporal words to signal event order; and provide a sense of closure.


    Production and Distribution of Writing

    4. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.

    5. With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.


    Research to Build and Present Knowledge

    6. Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).


    7. Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.


    Speaking and Listening Standards

    Comprehension and Collaboration


    1. Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

    a. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to

    others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion).

    b. Build on others’ talk in conversations by linking their comments to the remarks of others.

    c. Ask for clarification and further explanation as needed about the topics and texts under discussion.

    d. Seek to understand and communicate with individuals from different cultural backgrounds.


    2. Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.

    3. Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue.



    Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

    4. Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences.

    5. Create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.

    6. Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification.